The wrist joint is one of the most complex and active joint in our body. It bridges the hand to the forearm and is actually a collection of multiple bones and joints. Around fifteen bones (distal ends of the radius and ulna, 8 carpal bones, and the proximal portions of the 5 metacarpal bones) acts in a coordinated fashion to provide optimal function in to the hand.
The complex articulations in the wrist joint allows 3 degrees of freedom of movement: (1) flexing and extending, (2) pronating and supinating, and (3) deviating ulnarly or radially. In order to maintain mobility without sacrificing stability, the wrist joint has a complex configuration of ligaments. Injury or problems that cause these ligaments to stretch or tear can eventually lead to arthritis in the wrist.
Wrist pain can be caused by disease or injury affecting any aspect of the wrist joint, including the bones, ligaments, tendons and connective tissue surrounding the area. Sudden impacts like fall on an outstretched hand can cause sprains, strains and even fractures. Any activity that involves repetitive wrist motion can inflame the tissues around joints or cause stress fractures, especially when you perform the movement for hours on end without a break.
The common wrist problems include:
- Distal Radius Fractures (Broken Wrist)
- Scaphoid Fracture of the Wrist
- Wrist Sprains and strains
- Arthritis of the Thumb base
- Arthritis of the Wrist
- Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
- Kienbock’s disease
- Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy)
- De Quervain's Tendinosis
- Ganglion Cyst of the Wrist and Hand
- Kienböck's Disease
- Ulnar Tunnel Syndrome of the Wrist